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Frequently Asked Questions

Rehabilitation Course Exams

The following questions and answers help explain the procedure to obtain your STOTT PILATES® Certification.

How Long do I Have to Complete My Course Examination?

Exams must be taken within six months of completing your last STOTT PILATES Education course. We encourage students to take some time following the course to practice and synthesize the information prior to taking the exam. You are welcome to take the exam immediately following the course if you and your instructor agree that you are ready.

What Type of Practical Exam Can I Choose?

Depending on the training and certification courses that you have completed you may choose the following exams:
  • RMR1
  • RMR1 and RMR2
  • RMR1 and RCCB1
  • RMR1, RMR2 and RCCB1
  • RMR1, RMR2, RCCB1 and RCCB2
There is only a practical component for the Rehab Certification, which is conducted in the presence of a Rehab Instructor Trainer at a STOTT PILATES Certification Center or submitted by videotape (guidelines provided below).

Additional Information:

  • Exam material is cumulative.
  • You must receive a score of 80% in order to achieve certification.
  • Different clients may be used if the exam is longer than 1 hour.
  • You must provide an appropriate patient for your examination

What if My Course Finished Longer than Six Months Ago?

If you have failed to meet the six month requirement to complete your examination, you must complete private review hours with a Rehab Instructor Trainer to reinstate your eligibility. Material covered will be specific to your needs to better prepare you for the exam. The number of hours required is based on the course material that must be covered and the demands of the course repertoire.

The minimum private session requirements are:
  • RMR1 – minimum 1 hour
  • RMR1 and RMR2 – minimum 1 to 2 hours
  • RMR1 and RCCB1 – minimum 1 to 2 hours
  • RMR1, RMR2 and RCCB1– minimum 2 to 3 hours (at the discretion of the Rehab Instructor Trainer)
  • RMR1, RMR2, RCCB1 and RCCB2 – minimum 2 to 3 hours (at the discretion of the Instructor Trainer)

What Will I be Asked to do for My Practical Exam?

The time allotment for each practical exam is as follows:
  • RMR1 – 1.5 hours
  • RMR1 and RMR2 – 2 hours
  • RMR1 and RCCB1 – 2 hours
  • RMR1, RMR2 and RCCB1– 2 hours
  • RMR1, RMR2, RCCB1 and RCCB2 – 2 hours
In the initial five minutes of the exam you should clearly describe the case history of your subject.

You will be required to discuss the following:
  • Relevant demographics of the patient (age, social, workplace demands)
  • Diagnosis or movement dysfunction
  • Relevant diagnostic assessment information
  • Pain history – severity, irritability, nature, provoking movements/positions
  • Contraindications/precautions of movements/positions/loads
  • Functional impairments
  • Relevant contributing factors that should consider:
    • Postural contributions
    • Areas of gives and restrictions
    • Form closure, force closure, motor control and emotions/awareness dysfunction
    • Local and global system muscle dysfunction
Based on your case history. You are also required to provide a goals and stated focus of workout.

You should consider the following:
  • Rehabilitation goals
  • Specific positions or movement patterns that you will be avoiding
  • Specific positions or movements patterns that you will be facilitating
  • Specific props and modifications you will use
  • Specific Basic Principles that will be focused on
  • General description of the muscles that you determine should be the focus of the workout and other areas of concern (range of motion, gives & restrictions, facilitating or inhibiting local and global muscle systems) and how you will address them
The next 5 to 10 minutes are used to take your subject through the Five Basic Principles, in proper sequence, using clear imagery and movement cues to help the subject properly achieve biomechanical body awareness. You must clearly explain why each of the principles is important and ensure that key points are integrated into the appropriate exercises of each Basic Principle.

The following key points should be mentioned and proper cueing and correcting of the subject should be demonstrated.
  1. Breathing
    • In through the nose, out through the mouth with pursed lips
    • Emphasis is on 3-D breath especially into the posterior and lateral aspects of the rib cage, because these tend to be under utilized areas
    • Exhaling deeply can also help activate the deep support muscles by engaging the transversus abdominis
    • Explanation of the action of the transversus and how it stabilizes the lumbo-pelvic region, especially in neutral position.
    • The gentle contraction of the deep pelvic floor muscles also aids in firing the transversus abdominis
    • This breath pattern helps avoid unnecessary tension in the neck and shoulders
    • This breath pattern helps relaxation
    • The rib cage opens out and up during an inhale, promoting spinal extension and closes in and down during exhale, promoting spinal flexion
  2. Pelvic Placement
    • In neutral pelvic placement, the natural lordotic curve of lumbar spine is present
    • ASIS and Pubic Symphysis lie approximately in a horizontal plane drawn parallel to the floor when lying supine
    • Neutral promotes good shock absorption and efficient movement patterns throughout body
    • Neutral is usually used during closed kinetic chain activities
    • Imprinted position is a slight posterior pelvic tilt with slight lumbar flexion cannot be maintained and often used during open kinetic chain activities
    • Imprint involves shortening of obliques without activation of glutes
  3. Rib Cage Placement
    • Emphasis is put on breathing into the posterior and lateral aspects of the rib cage
    • Abdominal wall attaches to the lower ribs. Be aware of maintaining abdominal engagement and not popping the ribs
    • Abdominals stabilize rib cage and therefore spine during movement of the arms
    • Used to keep the spine neutral and stable
  4. Scapular Movement & Stabilization
    • Scapula lacks bony attachment to the ribs and spine (only attaching to clavicle), thereby providing mobility to the upper limb, which must be counterbalanced with stability
    • It is important to balance the surrounding muscles and to control the movement of the scapulae
    • The scapulae should lie flat on the rib cage and glide across it without winging
    • Protraction, retraction, elevation, depression, upward rotation and downward rotation are available movements
    • Stabilizing the scapulae is necessary during the initiation of every exercise
  5. Head & Cervical Placement
    • Cervical spine should hold its natural curve (anterior convex) and the skull should be balanced directly above the shoulders in sitting or standing
    • Pads or pillows may be needed in supine or prone to prevent hyperextension of the cervical spine
    • Cervical spine continues the line of the thoracic spine in neutral, during flexion, extension, lateral flexion and rotation
    • Cranio-vertebral flexion, flexing the cranium on the first two vertebrae of the cervical spine, not jamming the chin into the chest, occurs initially when flexing the upper torso from a supine position
    • Use these methods to (dynamically) stabilize the cervical area and avoid strain
The remainder of the practical exam is dedicated to taking your subject through an appropriate workout.

The following areas will be evaluated:
  • Reported case history
  • Stated focus of workout
  • Teaching manner and energy (attitude, motivational, verbalization skills)
  • Application of the Basic Principles to all exercises
  • Ability to cue: use of imagery, verbal cues, and kinesthetic cues (touch) to aid in guiding the subject through the exercises and transitions
  • Ability to correct: use of imagery, verbal cues, and kinesthetic cues (touch) to ensure correct alignment and proper execution of exercises
  • Knowledge of the relevant repertoire of exercises (movement / breathing patterns)
  • Exercise progression and rationale for the exercises chosen
  • Applying adaptations and modifications per individual as necessary

RMR1

  • Following the Five Basic Principles you will guide your subject through a workout for the remaining 70 to 80 minutes
  • The time allotted for the workout portion of the exam will not allow for the completion of all exercises in the Matwork and Reformer repertoire.
  • You must ensure that the exercises chosen represent a well-rounded workout that addresses all aspects of movement (i.e. flexion, extension, rotation, etc.) while being appropriate to your subject.
  • It is important to incorporate props including Arc Barrel into the workout.
Exam requirements for RMR1:
  • Matwork – minimum seven exercises
  • Reformer – minimum seven exercises

RMR1 & RMR2

  • Following the Five Basic Principles you will guide your subject through a workout for the remaining 1 hour and 40 minutes to 1 hour and 50 minutes
  • You are allotted approximately 50-55 minutes for RMR1 repertoire: half Matwork, half Reformer The same for the RMR2 repertoire
  • The time allotted for the workout portion of the exam will not allow for the completion of all exercises in the Matwork and Reformer repertoire
  • You must ensure that the exercises chosen represent a well-rounded workout that addresses all aspects of movement (i.e. flexion, extension, rotation, etc.) while being appropriate to your subject
  • It is important to incorporate props including Arc Barrel into the workout
NOTE:
  • A different client may be used for your subject for the RMR1 repertoire and the RMR2 repertoire, on two different occasions. Approximately 35-40 minutes each
  • The Five Basic Principles only need to be demonstrated with the first client but a written description or a short verbal case history and focus of workout will need to be provided for the second client prior to the commencement of the exam
Exam requirements for RMR1 & RMR2:
  • Matwork – minimum seven RMR1, seven RMR2 exercises
  • Reformer – minimum seven RMR1, seven RMR2 exercises

RMR1 & RCCB1

  • Following the Five Basic Principles you will guide your subject through a workout for the remaining 1 hour and 40 minutes to 1 hour and 50 minutes
  • You are allotted approximately 20 minutes to take your subject through Matwork exercises
  • You are allotted approximately 30 minutes to take your subject through a Reformer workout
  • You are given the remaining 50 to 60 minutes to take your subject through a workout utilizing the Cadillac (15 minutes), Stability Chair (15 minutes), Ladder Barrel (10 minutes), Spine Corrector (5 minutes), and Arc Barrel (5 minutes)
  • The time allotted for the workout portion of the exam will not allow for the completion of all exercises in the full repertoire
  • You must ensure that the exercises chosen represent a well-rounded workout that addresses all aspects of movement (i.e. flexion, extension, rotation, etc.), while being appropriate to your subject
Exam requirements for RMR1 & RCCB1:
  • Matwork – minimum seven exercises
  • Reformer – minimum seven exercises
  • Cadillac – minimum four exercises
  • Stability Chair – minimum four exercises
  • Ladder Barrel – minimum two exercises
  • Spine Corrector – minimum two exercises
  • Arc Barrel – minimum two exercises

RMR1, RMR2 & RCCB1

  • Following the Five Basic Principles you will guide your subject through a workout for the remaining 1 hour and 40 minutes to 1 hour and 50 minutes.
  • You are allotted approximately 20 minutes to take your subject through Matwork exercises
  • You are allotted approximately 30 minutes to take your subject through a Reformer workout
  • You are given the remaining 50 to 60 minutes to take your subject through a workout utilizing the Cadillac (15 minutes), Stability Chair (15 minutes), Ladder Barrel (10 minutes), Spine Corrector (5 minutes), and Arc Barrel (5 minutes)
  • Time allotted for the workout portion of the exam does not allow for the completion of all exercises in the full repertoire
  • You must ensure that the exercises chosen represent a well-rounded workout that addresses all aspects of movement (i.e. flexion, extension, rotation, etc.), while being appropriate to your subject.
NOTE:
  • A different client may be used for your subject for the RMR2 repertoire, on two different occasions.
    Approximately 25 minutes will be allocated to complete the RMR2 portions
  • The Five Basic Principles only need to be demonstrated with the first client but a written description of the case history and focus of workout will need to be provided for the second client prior to the commencement of the exam
Exam requirements for RMR1, RMR2 & RCCB1:
  • Matwork – minimum four RMR1, three RMR2 exercises
  • Reformer – minimum six RMR1, three RMR2 exercises
  • Cadillac – minimum four exercises
  • Stability Chair – minimum four exercises
  • Ladder Barrel – minimum two exercises
  • Spine Corrector – minimum two exercises
  • Arc Barrel – minimum two exercises

RMR1, RMR2, RCCB1 & RCCB2

  • Following the Five Basic Principles you will guide your subject through a workout for the remaining 1 hour and 40 minutes to 1 hour and 50 minutes
  • You are allotted approximately 20 minutes to take your subject through Matwork exercises
  • You are allotted approximately 30 minutes to take your subject through a Reformer workout
  • You are given the remaining 50 to 60 minutes to take your subject through a workout utilizing the Cadillac (15 minutes), Stability Chair (15 minutes), Ladder Barrel (10 minutes), Spine Corrector (5 minutes), and Arc Barrel (5 minutes)
  • Time allotted for the workout portion of the exam does not allow for the completion of all exercises in the full repertoire
  • You must ensure that the exercises chosen represent a well-rounded workout that addresses all aspects of movement
    (i.e. flexion, extension, rotation, etc.), while being appropriate to your subject
NOTE:
  • A different client may be used for your subject for the RMR1 & RCCB1 and the RMR2 & RCCB2 repertoire, on two different occasions. Approximately 50-55 minutes each
  • The Five Basic Principles only need to be demonstrated with the first client but a written description or short verbal case history and focus of workout will need to be provided for the second client prior to the commencement of the exam
Exam requirements for RMR1, RMR2, RCCB1 and RCCB2:
  • Matwork – minimum four RMR1, three RMR2 exercises
  • Reformer – minimum six RMR1, three RMR2 exercises
  • Cadillac – minimum two RCCB1, two RCCB2 exercises
  • Stability Chair – minimum two RCCB1, two RCCB2 exercises
  • Ladder Barrel – minimum one RCCB1, one RCCB2 exercise
  • Spine Corrector – minimum one RCCB1, one RCCB2 exercise
  • Arc Barrel – minimum one RCCB1, one RCCB2 exercise
You should incorporate props whenever necessary in order to modify the exercises appropriately. If exercise variations are being used, you should state the goal of the exercise and the reason for the modification. During the practical exam, if done in person, expect to be questioned periodically on the exercises and your choices. The test is designed in this way to evaluate the depth of your understanding of the exercises and how to administer them to your subject.

What is the Best Preparation for the Practical Portion of the Exam?

In addition to fully understanding the material conceptually and physically reviewing the exercises, the best preparation for the practical exam is the practice teaching of as many different people as possible (family, friends, classmates) to apply your knowledge, adapt it to many different body types, improve your teaching skills, and become comfortable with your teaching experience. Practice teaching within the specified timelines and meeting at least the minimum number of exercises.

We strongly recommend that you complete a minimum of:
  • 30 hours of physical review per module
  • 30 hours of practice teaching per module
  • 10 hours of observation per module
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